Climate change is the biggest challenge facing the planet. Artificial intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) could reverse our climate change with positive effects.
Environmental degradation and climate change have become a serious threat to the global economy. However, new technologies, especially artificial intelligence, can make a major contribution to managing the energy transition, combating pollution and preserving biodiversity.
The City Air Management Tool (CyAM) by Siemens
Siemens has developed a complete, cloud-based software-suite: “The City Air Management Tool”. This software tool captures pollution data in real time and forecasts emissions. Forecasts are up to 90% accuracy to gain the emissions for the next three to five days. The prediction is based on an algorithm that works with an artificial neural network. The City Air Management Tool (CyAM) is a cloud-based software suite with a dashboard that displays real-time information on the air quality detected by sensors across a city and predicts values for the upcoming three to five days. Cities can choose from 17 measures to simulate the next three to five days (effects of the air quality for the upcoming three to five days). If the air quality is bad, affected cities can draw the necessary conclusions for introducing new environmental zones (low-emission zones), speed limits or free public transport. CyAM is based on MindSphere, Siemens’ cloud-based open operating system for the Internet of Things (IoT).
Main Areas of Action
- Climate Change
Even if we succeed the climate protection goals of Paris, the global average temperature in the year 2100 will still be three degrees above that of the pre-industrial age. Artificial intelligence, for example, makes it possible to use an intelligent power supply, to promote sustainable mobility and to make precise statements about climate change through modelling.
- Biodiversity and species protection
One of five species on earth is about to die out. AI is seriously changing the way in which species are protected, for example by optimizing the monitoring of ecosystems, repelling poaching and the targeted protection of endangered species.
- Healthy seas
The oceans are under serious threat — especially because of overfishing and climatic changes. Artificial Intelligence helps combat illegal fishing, marine pollution monitoring and mapping of sensitive ecosystems.
- Water protection
As the world’s population grows, the reserves of clean drinking water are sinking. AI provides accurate forecasts of water demand and weather conditions. Artificial Intelligence can also monitor the water quality of rivers in real time.
- Air Pollution
92% of people worldwide live in areas that do not meet World Health Organization requirements for clean air; seven million die each year from the consequences. AI allows for accurate prediction of air pollution, such as traffic control, and helps develop filter systems.
- Severe weather and disaster prevention
Experts counted just under 800 natural disasters in 2016 — a tripling of 1980. Artificial intelligence is used in particular for the precise prediction of extreme weather events.
How climate change affects people living in poverty
Climate change threatens the cleanliness of our air, depletes our water sources and limits food supply. It disrupts livelihoods, forces families from their homes and pushes people into poverty. The most vulnerable are people living in the world’s poorest countries — like Haiti or Democratic Republic of Congo. The climate change could ensure that the gap between rich and poor is still significantly larger. This is the conclusion reached by Philip Alston, UN Special Rapporteur on extreme poverty and human rights, in a report to the United Nations. According to a new report, it is estimated that more than 120 million people could slip into poverty within the next decade because of climate change due to extreme weather conditions, melting polar ice caps, floods and forest fires. “We risk a ‘climate apartheid’ scenario where the wealthy pay to escape overheating, hunger, and conflict while the rest of the world is left to suffer” (Philip Alston, the UN Special Rapporteur).
Despite the warnings, most countries are not on track to meet their climate targets.